Hydroponic gardening may seem like a futuristic concept but forms of it can be traced back many centuries. Two of the most notable examples of hydroponic gardening in the ancient world are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Floating Gardens of China.
Hydroponic gardening can change what people think is required to grow vibrant plants. In place of soil, the basic requirement for a hydroponic garden is water to grow a variety of strong plants. Typically, in a conventional type garden, it is the soil that provides the nutrients for the plants. In this method of growing plants, a water-based nutrient rich solution eliminates the need for soil. The plants roots are supported by an inert material of some kind. Some people like to use pellets, perlite, or vermiculite, while others prefer using coconut fiber, sand or gravel.
It is obvious to see that this kind of gardening can be used just about anywhere. Hydroponics owes its success and popularity to the fact that the person doing the gardening can directly control the nutrients, oxygen and light according to what the plant being grown needs. It is a near perfect growing environment that can produce strong and healthy plants. Some scientist say that hydroponics can also increase the growth rate over soil farming by 30 to 50 percent.
Hydroponic gardens can be placed anywhere as long as there is access to water. The ideal location would also have access to natural sunlight, but simulated sunlight is also a good alternative. Empty warehouses can be put to good use. Roof tops and even old shipping containers can be turned into hydroponic garden locations with a minimal amount of effort.
As more people are looking to get away from industrially grown food in favor of locally grown, the interest in hydroponics has grown and it is quickly becoming a game changing industry.